Windows Server 2019 is built on the strong foundation of Windows Server 2016 and it is focusing on four themes were consistent – Hybrid, Security, Application Platform, and Hyper-converged infrastructure. Most people reckon Microsoft is pushing every customer in to Cloud slowly and we soon see no more option but moving to cloud. They will do this making costly staying on prem and starting with this edition they put their prices up.
Hybrid Cloud: This is the most common scenario for many companies , a hybrid approach, one that combines on-premises and cloud environments working together. Extending Active Directory, synchronizing file servers, and backup in the cloud are just a few examples of what companies are already doing today to extend their datacenters to the public cloud. In addition, a hybrid approach also allows for apps running on-premises to take advantage of innovation in the cloud such as Artificial Intelligence and IoT. Microsoft also introduced Project Honolulu in 2017 and this will be a one-stop management tool for IT pros.
Security: Microsoft’s approach to security is three-fold – Protect, Detect and Respond.
On the Protect front, They introduced Shielded VMs in Windows Server 2016, which was enthusiastically received by our customers. Shielded VMs protect virtual machines (VM) from compromised or malicious administrators in the fabric so only VM admins can access it on known, healthy, and attested guarded fabric. In Windows Server 2019, Shielded VMs will now support Linux VMs. They are also extending VMConnect to improve troubleshooting of Shielded VMs for Windows Server and Linux. They are adding Encrypted Networks that will let admins encrypt network segments, with a flip of a switch to protect the network layer between servers.
On the Detect and Respond front, in Windows Server 2019, they are embedding Windows Defender Advanced Threat Protection (ATP) that provides preventative protection, detects attacks and zero-day exploits among other capabilities, into the operating system. This gives companies access to deep kernel and memory sensors, improving performance and anti-tampering, and enabling response actions on server machines.
Application Platform: Microsoft focuses on the developer experience. Two key aspects to call out for the developer community are improvements to Windows Server containers and Windows Subsystem on Linux (WSL).
In Windows Server 2019, Microsoft’s goal is to reduce the Server Core base container image to a third of its current size of 5 GB. This will reduce download time of the image by 72%, further optimizing the development time and performance.
They are also continuing to improve the choices available when it comes to orchestrating Windows Server container deployments. Kubernetes support is currently in beta, and in Windows Server 2019, they are introducing significant improvements to compute, storage, and networking components of a Kubernetes cluster.
Another improvement is that they previously extended Windows Subsystem on Linux (WSL) into insider builds for Windows Server, so that customers can run Linux containers side-by-side with Windows containers on a Windows Server. In Windows Server 2019, they are continuing to improve WSL, helping Linux users bring their scripts to Windows while using industry standards like OpenSSH, Curl & Tar.
Hyper-converged infrastructure (HCI): HCI is one of the latest trends in the server industry today. They partnered with industry leading hardware vendors to provide an affordable and yet extremely robust HCI solution with validated design. In Windows Server 2019 they are building on this platform by adding scale, performance, and reliability. They are also adding the ability to manage HCI deployments in Project Honolulu, to simplify the management and day-to-day activities on HCI environments.